To become acquainted with the basic vocabulary and tools of the “Sacra Scientia”.
1. Introduction to Theology as a science: From biblical Revelation to systematic reflection through Christian experience (believing, celebrating, living). Sources of the discipline. Objects and methods. Relations between faith and reason. 2. Foundations of Catholic Theology: 2.1. Theology as an ecclesial vocation: theologians and ecclesiastical Magisterium. 2.2. Historical-positive development: The biblical evidence: history, contents and institutions of the divine Revelation and of the man’s response in the Old and New Testament. The Patristic period: eastern and western Fathers of the Church on Revelation and faith. The Scholastic period: Bonaventure, Thomas, Duns Scotus. The official and authoritative teaching of the Church in context: Humanism, Protestant Reformation, and Council of Trent; Rationalism, Fideism, and Vatican I; Modernism and Council Vatican II. 2.3. Systematic aspects: From apologetics to foundational Theology: “to give reason of the Christian hope”. Predestination of all human creatures in Christ: being, knowing, acting. Objectivity of the Christian Way: a critical examination of the New Testament sources. Credibility and coherence of the Christian message: Jesus as Mystery, Word, Sign. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, students are expected to: Pass from Theodicy to Theology, from an experiential and catechetical level to a scientific reflection; be acquainted with both the basic tools of the “Sacra Scientia” and the specific procedures of theological method; be equipped with a foundational Christology and Ecclesiology; become competent to critically present the reasons of the Catholic faith-life, both from the objective/historical point of view and vis-a-vis today’s subjective/rational challenges of credibility/practicability.
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