General Objective: To offer a thorough reading of the history of the Church, from the end of the 7th century until the 15th century.
Course Outlines: 1. Towards a Christian Europe. 2. The “Dark Ages” or a crisis for the birth of a new age? 3. The departing of the first and second Crusades. 4. The Church in Reform. 5. A “Christian” Europe? 6. The Byzantine Church in the Epoch of the Crusades. 7. The Papacy to the test. 8. Christianity in labour. 9. The fall of Byzantium.
Bibliography: Christophe, Paul. 2000 ans d’Histoire de l’Eglise. Nouvelle Édition Revue. Paris, 2017; Mame-Desclée; Cross, Frank, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. 3rd Edition by Elisabeth Livingstone. London: OUP, 2012; Deanesly, Margaret. A History of The Medieval Church 590- 1500. London: Routledge, 2016; Duffy, Eamon. Saints and Sinners: A History of The Popes. London: Yale University Press, 2015; Freitag, Anton. The Universe Atlas of the Christian World: The Expansion of Christianity Through the Centuries. With the collaboration of Heinrich Emmerich and Jacob Buijs. Hertfordshire: Anthony Clarke Books, 1963; Hay, Denys. Europe In the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. London: Longman, 1966; Hindley, Geoffrey. A Brief History of the Crusades: Islam And Christianity in the Struggle for World Supremacy. London: Robinson, 2004; Laitsner, Max. The Intellectual Heritage of the Early Middle Ages: Selected Essays. New York, Octagon Books, 1957; Lawrence, Clifford. Medieval Monasticism. 4th Edition. London: Routledge, 2015; Logan, F. Donald. A History of The Church in The Middle Ages. London: Routledge, 2013; MacCulloch, Diarmaid. Monks, the Pope, and the Origins of the Crusades: A Selection from Christianity. New York, 2013: Penguin Books; Papadakis, Aristeides, and John Meyendorff. The Christian East and The Rise of The Papacy: The Church 1071-1453 A.D. New York: St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1994; Ullmann, Walter. The Papacy and Political Ideas in the Middle Ages. London: Variorum Reprints, 1976; Ware, Timothy. The Orthodox Church. London: Penguin, 1993.
Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, students are expected to acquire knowledge about the historical context and main events, personalities of the Christianity from the end of the 7th century till the 15th century; to know the continuity and the changes of Christian thought in the Western and Eastern Churches; to collect knowledge about the Church during the Charlemagne era in Europe and the relationship with the Church of Constantinople during this period; to acquire knowledge of the Church during the Crusader period; to realise the situation of the Church and detrimental effects of the collapse of Constantinople; deal with different historical resources concerning the history of the Church in order to create critical thinking of these resources; to write a scientific essay and to improve research and presentation skills.